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Products > Cotyledon orbiculata 'Winter Red'
Cotyledon orbiculata 'Winter Red' - Winter Red Pig's Ear

Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Succulent
Family: Crassulaceae (Stonecrops)
Origin: South Africa (Africa)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Orange Red
Bloomtime: Winter/Spring
Height: 3-5 feet
Width: 3-4 feet
Exposure: Cool Sun/Light Shade
Seaside: Yes
Summer Dry: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 25-30 F
May be Poisonous  (More Info): Yes
Cotyledon orbiculata 'Winter Red' (Winter Red Pig's Ear) - An upright evergreen, branching succulent shrub with fleshy 4 to 6 inch long gray-green spoon shaped that are held mostly upright. As with the species the edges of the leaf are lined with red. Dark orange-red bell-shaped flowers dangle from flower stalks that rise above the foliage in late winter. This form was selected for its upright growth and dark flowers. Grow in full coastal sun or light shade with occasional summer watering. Our stock plant for this selection came from Kathy Echols Midhill Farms garden in Martinez, CA and the name was given to us by Brian Kemble, curator of the Ruth Bancroft Garden, where the entrance is graced with a large plant of this variety. Although to our knowledge there has not been a recorded incident of Cotyledon orbiculata being poisonous to humans, there have been cases in California where sheep have died when fed Cotyledon orbiculata. In South Africa, the disease caused by eating these plants, called cotyledonosis, has poisoned sheep and goats but rarely other animals. The meat of animals killed by cotyledonosis also remains toxic. The reason for this name for the genus is a complicated story. The plant, Wall Pennywort or Navelwort, (Umbilicus rupestris) was previously included in the genus. In medieval times, and in homeopathic medicine this plant was/is commonly known as Cotyledon so this name stuck with the genus, even though the plant it was named for did not. The name originated from the Greek word 'kotyledon' or 'kotyle' meaning "cupped", "hollowed" or "a cavity". The specific epithet is Latin meaning "round and flat" or "disk-shaped" in reference to the typical leaf shape of the species.  The information on this page is based on the research that we have conducted about this plant in the San Marcos Growers library, from what we have found on reliable online sources, as well as from observations made of our crops of this plant growing in the nursery and of plants growing in the nursery's garden and those in other gardens where we may have observed it. We also have incorporated comments received from others and welcome getting feedback from those who may have additional information, particularly if this information includes cultural information that would aid others in growing Cotyledon orbiculata 'Winter Red'.