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Products > Stigmaphyllon littorale
Stigmaphyllon littorale - Orchid Vine
Image of Stigmaphyllon littorale
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Vine
Family: Malpighiaceae (Malpighias)
Origin: South America
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloomtime: Summer
Synonyms: [Stigmaphyllon bonariense]
Height: Climbing (Vine)
Width: Running
Exposure: Full Sun
Irrigation (H2O Info): Medium Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 25-30 F
Stigmaphyllon littorale (Orchid Vine) - Quick growing, evergreen vine covered intermittently with clusters of bright, airy, yellow flowers in the summer. Prefers sun to part shade and regular watering. Similar to S. ciliatum, but leaves are lacking the ciliate margins and it has larger flower clusters. It is also more frost hardy. We have had it sail through cold nights down to 25 F and others report it hardy to USDA zone 8b down to 10 F. This plant is found growing along the Rio Parana, Rio Uruguay and Rio Paragua and along Brazilian coastal areas. The genus name comes from the Latin words 'stigma' for the receptive apex of the pistil of a flower and 'phyla', meaning "leaf" for the leaf-like stigma in the genus. This plant is listed as a synonym of Stigmaphyllon bonariense on The Plant List, the collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. This name change is based on the previous description of the species as Banisteria bonariensis by British botanist William Hooker and Scottish botanist George A. Walker-Arnott, whose date of publication of 1832 in Hooker's Botanical Miscellany, which was produced in parts from 1829 through 1833, was misinterpreted and should have taken precedence over the French botanist Adrien-Henri de Jussieu's description in Flora Brasiliae Meridionalis in 1833. We retained the original name that we grew this plant under until such time as this name gets wider recognition. We also originally received the related Mascagnia macroptera as a species of Stigmophylon, which it certainly resembles and also continue to grow Stigmaphyllon ciliatum. These three plants seem confused in the nursery trade so we have a comparison image showing these three plants together on our Mascagnia and Stigmaphyllon Comparison PageInformation displayed on this page about  Stigmaphyllon littorale is based on the research conducted about it in our library and from reliable online resources. We also note those observations we have made of this plant as it grows in the nursery's garden and in other gardens, as well how crops have performed in our nursery field. We will incorporate comments we receive from others, and welcome to hear from anyone who may have additional information, particularly if they share any cultural information that would aid others in growing it.