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Products > Stigmaphyllon littorale
Stigmaphyllon littorale - Orchid Vine
Image of Stigmaphyllon littorale
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Vine
Family: Malpighiaceae (Malpighias)
Origin: South America
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloomtime: Summer
Synonyms: [Stigmaphyllon bonariense]
Height: Climbing (Vine)
Width: Running
Exposure: Full Sun
Irrigation (H2O Info): Medium Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 25-30 F
Stigmaphyllon littorale (Orchid Vine) - Quick growing, evergreen vine covered intermittently with clusters of bright, airy, yellow flowers in the summer. Prefers sun to part shade and regular watering. Similar to S. ciliatum, but leaves are lacking the ciliate margins and it has larger flower clusters. It is also more frost hardy. We have had it sail through cold nights down to 25 F and others report it hardy to USDA zone 8b down to 10 F. This plant is found growing along the Rio Parana, Rio Uruguay and Rio Paragua and along Brazilian coastal areas. The genus name comes from the Latin words 'stigma' for the receptive apex of the pistil of a flower and 'phyla', meaning "leaf" for the leaf-like stigma in the genus. This plant is listed as a synonym of Stigmaphyllon bonariense on The Plant List, the collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. This name change is based on the previous description of the species as Banisteria bonariensis by British botanist William Hooker and Scottish botanist George A. Walker-Arnott, whose date of publication of 1832 in Hooker's Botanical Miscellany, which was produced in parts from 1829 through 1833, was misinterpreted and should have taken precedence over the French botanist Adrien-Henri de Jussieu's description in Flora Brasiliae Meridionalis in 1833. We retained the original name that we grew this plant under until such time as this name gets wider recognition. We also originally received the related Mascagnia macroptera as a species of Stigmophylon, which it certainly resembles and also continue to grow Stigmaphyllon ciliatum. These three plants seem confused in the nursery trade so we have a comparison image showing these three plants together on our Mascagnia and Stigmaphyllon Comparison PageThe information about Stigmaphyllon littorale displayed on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources we consider reliable. We will also relate those observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery gardens and in other gardens that we have visited, as well how the crops have performed in containers in our nursery field. We will also incorporate comments we receive from others and welcome hearing from anyone who has additional information, particularly when they share cultural information that would aid others in growing it.