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Products > Stigmaphyllon ciliatum
 
Stigmaphyllon ciliatum - Orchid Vine, Brazilian Golden Vine
   
Image of Stigmaphyllon ciliatum
[2nd Image]
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Vine
Family: Malpighiaceae (Malpighias)
Origin: Central America (North America)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloomtime: Summer/Fall
Height: Climbing (Vine)
Width: Spreading
Exposure: Sun or Shade
Irrigation (H2O Info): Medium Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 30-32 F
Stigmaphyllon ciliatum (Orchid Vine, Brazilian Golden Vine) - A quick growing, evergreen vine with interesting foliage and beautiful flowers. The oval leaves have distinct widely spaced long hairs looking like eyelashes (hence the specific epithet 'ciliatum') along the leaf margin and in summer and fall, this vine is covered intermittently with clusters of bright, airy, orchid like yellow flowers.

Plant in full sun to part shade and give occasional to regular watering. It is not very frost hardy but has rebounded in our garden after tips have frozen down at around 29 F. This is a delicate and interesting vine for mild climates. Stigmaphyllon ciliatum is often listed as being from Central America but it grows as far south as Brazil. It was in fact noted by Joseph Banks when he arrived at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1768. The genus name comes from the Latin words 'stigma' for the receptive apex of the pistil of a flower and 'phyla', meaning "leaf" for the leaf-like stigma in the genus and the specific epithet is a reference to the hair-like projections along the leaf margins.

We have grown this plant since 1999 and that year also originally received the related Mascagnia macroptera as a species of Stigmophylon, which it certainly resembles. We also grow Stigmaphyllon littorale. These three plants seem confused in the nursery trade so we have a comparison image showing these three plants together on our Mascagnia and Stigmaphyllon Comparison Page

This information about Stigmaphyllon ciliatum displayed is based on research conducted in our horticultural library and from reliable online resources. We also will relate observations made about it as it grows in our nursery gardens and other gardens we have visited, as well how the crops have performed in containers in our nursery field. We will also incorporate comments that we receive from others and we welcome hearing from anyone with additional information, particularly if they can share any cultural information that would aid others in growing it.

 
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