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Products > Lomandra longifolia
Lomandra longifolia - Spiney Headed Mat Rush

Note: This plant is not currently for sale. This is an archive page preserved for informational use.  
Image of Lomandra longifolia
[2nd Image]
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Grass-like
Family: Dasypogonaceae (~Xanthorrhoeaceae)
Origin: Australia (Australasia)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloomtime: Spring
Synonyms: [L. longifolia 'Blue-green Form']
Height: 4-5 feet
Width: 4-6 feet
Exposure: Sun or Shade
Summer Dry: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 10-15° F
Lomandra longifolia (Spiny Headed Mat Rush) - A sturdy evergreen perennial plant that forms a 4 to 5 foot tall by 6 to 7 foot wide tussock with long narrow medium green colored strap-shaped leaves that arch over gracefully and have a toothed leaf tip curiously looking as thought cut with pinking shears. In spring into summer the plants produce interesting, extremely fragrant small flowers in spiny clusters rising up on spiked that usually don't clear the tops of the foliage. Plant in full sun to moderate shade and irrigate regularly to very infrequently – seems to tolerates about any condition that can be imagined from wet to dry conditions in full sun or in shade and can even be used as an indoor plant. Lomandra longifolia is native to Australian, from northeastern Queensland south through New South Wales, Victoria. South Australia and the island of Tasmania, where it can be found near the coast to well inland growing on the forest floor or out in the open. The Australian Aboriginal people used the leaves to make nets and baskets and ate the leaf bases. The genus Lomandra in the past was placed with the Australian Grass Trees in the Xanthorrhoaceae and then more in its own family, the Lomandraceae, or combined with the Cordyline into the Laxmanniaceae but the most current treatment has placed it in the subfamily Lomandroideae within the large family the Asparagaceae. The name Lomandra is comes from the Greek words “loma” meaning margin and “andros” meaning male and is in reference to a circular margin on the anthers. The specific epithet “longifolia” means long leaves. San Marcos Growers first introduced Lomandra longifolia to the California nursery trade in 1990 (See our Lomandra History Page) and plants from our nursery were planted in 1992 as an understory to large mature blue gums (Eucalyptus globulus) in the Australian Garden at Lotusland and these plants still look great today. Kurt Bluemel Nursery received this plant from us and propagated it for use at Disney's Wild Animal Park in Florida and this plant has been reproduced in tissue culture under the name Lomandra longifolia "Blue-green Form". Though we no longer grow this plant, we still have it in the garden and grow many other different Lomandra cultivars. We also maintain a collection of all Lomandra cultivars that we know of.  The information on this page is based on research conducted about this plant in our library and from reliable online sources. We also take into consideration observations of this plant in our nursery crops, as well as of plants growing in the nursery's garden and those in other gardens we visit. We also will incorporate comments that we receive from others and welcome getting feedback from anyone who may have additional information, particularly if it includes cultural information that would aid others in growing Lomandra longifolia.