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Products > Ligustrum japonicum
Ligustrum japonicum - Japanese Privet
Image of Ligustrum japonicum
[2nd Image]
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Shrub
Family: Oleaceae (Olives)
Origin: Japan (Asia)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: White
Bloomtime: Spring/Summer
Height: 8-12 feet
Width: 6-8 feet
Exposure: Sun or Shade
Irrigation (H2O Info): Medium Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: <15 F
May be Poisonous  (More Info): Yes
Ligustrum japonicum (Japanese Privet) - This is a fast growing dense evergreen shrub or small tree that typically grows 8-12 feet tall and 6-8 feet wide but old specimens are often larger. I has thick rounded oblong leaves up to 4 inches long that are glossy green above and whitish underneath with new growth flushed red. Fragrant (some consider this a good smell but most do not) small white flowers bloom in terminal panicles in late spring to early summer and are followed by 1/4 inch wide blue-black berries. Plant in sun or light shade and water regularly, occasionally to infrequently. Hardy to below 15 degrees F and useful in USDA zones 7b-10. Tolerant of most conditions including saline soils but not particularly good along seashore and not good in permanently wet situations. This plant makes a relatively drought tolerant hedge or large screen where close planting and pruning keeps it taller than wide, but out on its own can become a broader canopied small tree. The musky scented flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies and the fruit to birds, though they are considered poisonous to humans if eaten in quantity. This plant is native to central and southern Japan and Korea Woods where it grows as a small tree or in thickets in lowland and along hills. This plant was first introduced into the US in 1845 and so has had a long history in the Southeastern and California gardens. The name for the genus originated in Latin as was applied by Pliny the Elder to Ligustrum vulgare. The specific epithet refers to the Japanese origins of this plant. We also grow the cultivar Ligustrum japonicum 'Texanum'The information about Ligustrum japonicum displayed on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources we consider reliable. We will also relate those observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery gardens and in other gardens that we have visited, as well how the crops have performed in containers in our nursery field. We will also incorporate comments we receive from others and welcome hearing from anyone who has additional information, particularly when they share cultural information that would aid others in growing it.