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Products > Acca sellowiana
Acca sellowiana - Pineapple Guava

Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Shrub
Family: Myrtaceae (Myrtles)
Origin: Brazil (South America)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Pink
Bloomtime: Spring/Summer
Synonyms: [Feijoa sellowiana, Orthostemon sellowiana]
Height: 12-20 feet
Width: 10-15 feet
Exposure: Full Sun
Seaside: Yes
Summer Dry: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 20-25 F
Acca sellowiana (Pineapple Guava) - A small evergreen tree or large shrub that reaches 16-25 feet tall to nearly as wide but is generally seen as in the range of 8 to 12 feet tall. It produces oval shaped leaves that have a silvery-white underside. In late spring to early summer appear the showy flowers with the inside of the fleshy edible flower petals a shiny pink while the outside of the petals are white. The pineapple-flavored pulpy 2 inch long oval fruit is produced three to four months after the flowers. Plant in full sun and give occasional to moderate water irrigation. It is hardy without any damage to at least 18 F and can tolerate short durations temperatures below this. A hedge of this plant along the north fence line of our nursery was undamaged during short duration temperatures down to the 18 F that were experienced in December 1990 and had a gardener in Birmingham Alabama tell us that his plants survived low temperatures as low as 6 F with sustained temperatures below 20 F. This plant grows from the highlands of Southern Brazil through Eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, Northern Argentina and Columbia and has long been called Feijoa sellowiana but apparently this name has been incorrectly applied since 1941. The German botanist Otto Karl Berg (1816-1866) described this plant as Feijoa sellowiana in 1859, naming the genus after Joo da Silva Feij (1760-1824), a Portuguese naturalist born in Brazil however three years prior to this, in 1856, Berg had given the name Acca domingensis to another South American plant in the Myrtaceae. The derivation of Acca is cited as from an ancient Hebrew word meaning "hot sand", perhaps from Akkad (Sumerian Agde, Biblical Acca) the name of the city founded by Sargon I in northern Babylonia, though how this relates to this plant seems a mystery. In 1941 Karl Ewald Maximilian Burret (1883-1964), a German research botanist combined these two genera (Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis. Centralblatt fr Sammlung und Veroffentlichung von Einzeldiagnosen neuer Pflanzen. [Edited by Friedrich Fedde]. Berlin, 50: 59.) so the valid name of this plant is the older one, Acca sellowiana. The specific epithet "sellowiana" honors Friedrich Sello (Sellow) (1789-1831) a German botanist who collected in South America. Its introduction to the US is credited to Dr. Franceschi, an Italian botanist living in Santa Barbara. Here in the US it is commonly called Pineapple Guava but, since it is cultivated worldwide, it has obtained other names such as Feijoa, Brazilian Guava, Fig Guava, Guavasteen, New Zealand Banana and Guaybo del Pais. We have grown this wonderful plant since 1980 and we have a beautiful long hedge of it the property and a large variegated specimen planted in front our production office.  The information on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources as well as from observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in the nursery's garden and in other gardens that we have visited. We have also incorporated comments received from others and always appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have some additional information, particularly if this information is contrary to what we have written or includes additional cultural tips that would aid others in growing  Acca [Feijoa] sellowiana.