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Products > Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii'
 
Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii' - Fruitland Silverberry
   

 
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Shrub
Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleasters)
Origin: Japan (Asia)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Creamy White
Bloomtime: Fall
Fragrant Flowers: Yes
Height: 12-16 feet
Exposure: Cool Sun/Light Shade
Seaside: Yes
Summer Dry: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 0-10 F
Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii' (Fruitland Silverberry) - A large tough dense evergreen shrub that can grow rapidly to 6 to 10 feet tall and wide but often is kept smaller. It has angular branches bearing large linear ovate leaves that are silvery in new growth and mature to an olive green color dotted with silver scales on the upper surface and solid silver-dotted with brown scales beneath. Fragrant, small creamy-white flowers in pendant cluster appear in the fall followed by brownish red fruit. Can be grown in full sun to light shade with moderate to low irrigation and is seaside tolerant. Hardy to 0-10F (damaged reported at -3F) and useful down to USDA zone 6. Although a plant native to coastal regions in Japan and China it is notable that this plant can tolerate nearly any condition from the beach to high and low deserts where aridity, wind, poor soils, high heat and relatively low temperatures do not faze it. Makes a great large screen or hedge plant and foliage is useful in fall flower arrangements. This plant is an old cultivar that was introduced in the mid to late 19th century by Prosper J. A. Berckmans at Fruitland Nurseries in Augusta, Georgia. It is noted in Michael Dirr's "Manual of Woody Landscape Plants" as being differrent from the species in having a more symetrical form with larger more rounded wavy-margined leaves that have sillver undersides. We offered this plant starting in 1991 but it seemed to lose favor and we discontinued growing it in 1999. Realizing that it is one of the most durable, useful and interesting large plants that can be grown, we decided to begin growing it again in 2008. There are a couple interpretations of the name Elaeagnus. One is that it is from the Greek word 'elaia', the ancient name for the olive tree and 'agnos' a name for a plant like a willow. Or it comes from a name given to the plant by Dioscorides, a physician of ancient Greece, to wild olives. The specific epithet is a Latin word meaning "prickly" or "penetrating".  This description is based on research and observations of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in our nursery garden and in other gardens that we visit. We also incorporate comments received and appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have any additional information about this plant, particularly if they disagree with what we have written or if they have additional cultural tips that would aid others in growing Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii'.