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Products > Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea'
 
Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' - Purpleleaf Grape
   
Image of Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea'
 
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Vine
Family: Vitaceae (Grapes)
Flower Color: Greenish White
Bloomtime: Spring
Height: 10-16 feet
Width: Spreading
Exposure: Full Sun
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 0-10 F
Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' (Purpleleaf Grape) - A large deciduous cold hardy vine with 10-to-20-foot stems. In spring the newly emerging palmately lobed leaves are green, blushed with burgundy tones and fuzzy with white hairs. The leaves, which mature to nearly 6 inches long and wide, darken as the summer season progresses to deeper shades or burgundy and purple. In fall the leaves turn more of a deep red color before dropping. Small fragrant greenish-white flowers are produced in spring followed by deep purple edible grapes in the fall that are particularly attractive with the similarly colored foliage.

Plant in full sun to part shade and irrigate occasionally to infrequently once established. Hardy to at least 0 F. Best in an open area with good air circulation to prevent mildew on the leaves. An interesting foliage color form of the common wine or table grape. It is an attractive plant on it own when planted along a wall, trellis, fence or through trees or anything that offers support or mixed in with other vines. The fruit of these grapes is sweet but surrounded by bitter skin. Vitis vinifera is native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and southwestern Asia and the cultivar 'Purpurea' is an old cultivar that was first noted in the second volume of William Jackson Beans's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles published in 1914, where it is described as "leaves first of a beautiful claret red, deepening later in the season to lurid purple. One of the riches hued of purple shrubs." It was the winner in 1993 of the prestigious the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit and a 2003 Great Plant Pick, a program established for Pacific Northwest gardeners by the Elisabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden in Seattle, Washington.

The name of the genus used by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 came from the Latin name for the grapevine and thought to originated from a Proto-Indo-European language meaning "that which twines or bends". The specific epithet is Latin meaning "wine-bearing". Other common names for this cultivar include Tenturier Grape, Red-Leafed Grape and Purple-leaved Vine. The names with colors are for the leaf colors but Teinturier Grapes are so named for the flesh of the fruit and juice being red in color due to anthocyanin pigments within the pulp of the fruit and not the skin such as is the case of most red wine grape varieties. Our cutting stock from Suncrest Nurseries when they closed their nursery in 2023. 

This information about Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' displayed is based on research conducted in our horticultural library and from reliable online resources. We also will relate observations made about it as it grows in our nursery gardens and other gardens we have visited, as well how the crops have performed in containers in our nursery field. We will also incorporate comments that we receive from others and we welcome hearing from anyone with additional information, particularly if they can share any cultural information that would aid others in growing it.

 
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