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Products > Ficus microcarpa 'Green Mound'
Ficus microcarpa 'Green Mound' - Green Mound Fig

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Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Shrub
Family: Moraceae (Mulberrys)
Origin: Asia, Central (Asia)
Evergreen: Yes
Bloomtime: Not Significant
Synonyms: [F. microcarpa var. crassifolia, F.retusa]
Height: 4-6 feet
Width: 6-8 feet
Exposure: Sun or Shade
Irrigation (H2O Info): Medium Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 30-32 F
Ficus microcarpa 'Green Mound' (Green Mound Fig) - A dense low mounding shrub that can reach 6 feet tall by as wide but easily kept much lower. It has thick smooth dark green elliptical leaves that are 3 to 4 inches long by half as wide with a blunt pointed tip. Plant in full sun to light shade and irrigated occasionally - relatively dry growing once established and hardy to around 30 F with some leaf damage much below this so best in mild coastal southern California gardens. It makes a nice small mounded shrub or a low hedge with very little need to be pruned and works well as a bonsai specimen. This plant is sometimes sold as Ficus 'Green Island' a plant that stays a bit lower and has more rounded leaves. The Florida Nurserymen and Growers Association named Ficus 'Green Island' as a Plant of the Year for the year 2000 but it was not clear which form was being honored as both plants were being sold under this name at the time. It is also sometimes listed as a cultivar of Ficus microcarpa var. crassifolia or Ficus retusa var. crassifolia but these names have been synomized with Ficus microcarpa. Ficus microcarpa is native to mountains and plains below 6.200 feet throughout China, Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam and Northern Australia. The genus name Ficus comes from the ancient Latin name for figs and their edible fruit and the specific epithet means "small fruit". The variety 'Nitida' is a common tree in Southern California but this 'Green Mound' form is rarely seen there but is used extensively in Florida. We first saw this attractive plant when touring gardens Florida in 2015 with our friend John Greenlee (AKA the Grassman).  The information on this webpage is based on research conducted about this plant in our nursery library, from online sources, as well as from observations made of it as it grows in the nursery in containers, in the nursery's garden and in other gardens where we have observed it growing. We will also incorporate comments received from others and welcome getting feedback from those who may have additional information, particularly if this information includes cultural information that would aid others in growing  Ficus microcarpa 'Green Mound'.