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Products > Aloe pluridens
Aloe pluridens - French Aloe

[2nd Image]
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Succulent
Family: Aloeaceae (Aloes)
Origin: South Africa (Africa)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Salmon
Bloomtime: Winter
Height: 6-10 feet
Width: 4-6 feet
Exposure: Full Sun
Seaside: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 25-30 F
Aloe pluridens (French Aloe) This is a tall attractive aloe that is known in habitat to occasionally reach 15 feet or more high but is usually seen in cultivation from 5 to 8 feet tall with multiple slender stems topped with spiraled rosettes of long narrow reddish, blushed bright chartreuse, leaves that recurve gracefully and have firm closely spaced small pale green to white teeth along the margins older leaves hang down and eventually fall off to show attractive bare stems. Trim up leaves for a neater look. Occasionally small plantlets form near the base of the stems. In late fall and winter from the top of the rosettes appear multiple (up to 3) branched inflorescences holding numerous spikes of salmon-orange flowers that dramatically rise 1 to 2 feet above the top of the plant. Plant in full sun except in hot inland locations in a well-drained soil and irrigate occasionally. Hardy to about 28 F so protect from frost in colder locations. Tolerates near coastal conditions great along sea bluffs. This is a very attractive and unusual shrubby aloe for the garden or for large containers and cut flower stems can last for up to three weeks in a vase. Its sap is noted as having the sharp acrid smell of rhubarb. This close relative of Aloe arborescens has a natural distribution along a wide area of the coast from the summer rainfall and frost free Eastern Cape to KwaZulu Natal in South Africa, where it often grows with heads of foliage popping out through dense foliage of lower growing shrubs. It was first described in 1824 by English botanist Adrian H. Haworth (1767-1833) from a plant collected by a Mr. Bowie east of the Bushmans River near Albany. The specific epithet comes from the Latin words 'pluri' meaning "many" and 'dens' meaning "teeth" in reference to the many teeth along the leaf margins. The common name "French Aloe" is a bit perplexing though Gilbert W. Reynolds in The Aloes of South Africa notes that this name came from its use in the Traskei region. In South Africa it has also been known by the common names Fransaalwyn and Garaa.  The information on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources as well as from observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in the nursery's garden and in other gardens that we have observed it in. We also will incorporate comments received from others and always appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have additional information, particularly if this information is contrary to what we have written or includes additional cultural tips that might aid others in growing Aloe pluridens.