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Products > Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia - Lesser Cattail

Note: This plant is not currently for sale. This is an archive page preserved for informational use.  

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Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Grass-like
Family: Typhaceae (Cattails)
Origin: Northern Hemisphere
Flower Color: Brown
Bloomtime: Summer/Fall
Height: 4-6 feet
Width: Spreading
Exposure: Sun or Shade
Seaside: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Aquatic
Winter Hardiness: <15 F
Typha angustifolia (Aquatic) (Lesser Cattail) - Lesser Cattail is an erect, rhizomatous perennial that grows 3 to 6 feet tall with leaves that are very narrow, and flattened. Flowers grow on erect stalks, and the fruits are cigar-shaped and 2 to 6 inches long. Fruits contain soft, downy seeds. In this species, the staminate and pistillate flowers are separated by a gap of up to 2 inches of stalk, females appear below the males. Leaves emerge in the spring, flowering is initiated in early to mid-summer, and the greatest clonal growth occurs in the fall. Spreads by lateral rhizomes produced at the leaf base. Under good conditions, seeds germinate from May to September. Plant in full sun or part shade in marshy soil or under water up to 3 feet deep. The Lesser cattail occurs from Nova Scotia south through parts of New England along the coast to southern Florida. It occurs in the Midwest and is found in scattered populations throughout Nebraska and Wyoming, parts of the Intermountain West, and along the Pacific Northwest coast into central California. Also known as the narrow-leaved cattail. Commonly crosses with Typha latifolia in the wild and gives rise to the hybrid Typha x glauca. Cold hardy to less than 15 F.  The information on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources as well as from observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in the nursery's garden and in other gardens that we have observed it in. We also will incorporate comments received from others and always appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have additional information, particularly if this information is contrary to what we have written or includes additional cultural tips that might aid others in growing Typha angustifolia.