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Products > Cyperus papyrus
Cyperus papyrus - Papyrus

Note: This plant is not currently for sale. This is an archive page preserved for informational use.  

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Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Grass-like
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedges)
Origin: Africa, North (Africa)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Green
Bloomtime: Summer
Height: 12-16 feet
Width: 4-5 feet
Exposure: Cool Sun/Light Shade
Irrigation (H2O Info): High Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 20-25 F
Cyperus papyrus (Papyrus) - A stout tall clump forming aquatic plant that grows 10 to 15 feet tall with its leafless green stems (culms) topped with showy umbrella-like structures composed of up to 50 to 100 graceful, arching and drooping hair-like rays and small greenish-brown flowers in summer. The plant spreads slowly outwards on thick, woody rhizomes, which like the culm bases are covered with brown triangular shaped scales (technically reduced leaves). This plant is a vigorous grower in or out of water but is generally shorter when soil not moist. Plant it up to 12 inches deep in water or in rich moist soil and protect from wind. It is hardy to about 20-25 degrees F. This plant is native to the Mediterranean basin and further south into much of Africa where it inhabits swamps, shallow lakes and stream banks. It also occurs on the island on Sicily and in Palestine but is nearly absent in Nile River marshes where it flourished in ancient times. In this region it was renowned for its use as the material to make into paper, parts were eaten, and the buoyant stems made into boats. Other common names include Paper Reed, Indian matting Plant and Nile Grass. As an ornamental plant, it is the tallest and most striking of the Cyperus. We have grown this plant at San Marcos Growers since 1983 and also grow a smaller form of the species which we call Cyperus papyrus Dwarf formThe information on this page is based on the research that we have conducted about this plant in the San Marcos Growers library, from what we have found on reliable online sources, as well as from observations made of our crops of this plant growing in the nursery and of plants growing in the nursery's garden and those in other gardens where we may have observed it. We also have incorporated comments received from others and welcome getting feedback from those who may have additional information, particularly if this information includes cultural information that would aid others in growing Cyperus papyrus.