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Products > Cneorum tricoccon
 
Cneorum tricoccon - Spurge Olive
 
Working on getting this plant out in the field but it is not yet available listing for information only! 

 
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Shrub
Family: Rutaceae (Citrus)
Origin: Mediterranean (Europe)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloomtime: Spring/Summer
Height: 1-3 feet
Width: 4-5 feet
Exposure: Cool Sun/Light Shade
Seaside: Yes
Summer Dry: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): No Irrigation required
Winter Hardiness: 25-30 F
Cneorum tricoccon (Spurge Olive) A small compact evergreen shrub that grows to 2 feet tall, typically with a rounded shape and with dark green linear 1 to 2 inch long leathery leaves that somewhat resemble a green olive foliage. The small bright yellow flowers appear in late spring and followed by red berries in the summer and fall. It can be used as a tall groundcover in dry bright shady locations such as an understory for native oaks or grown out into full sun where it is a denser stouter plant. Plant in a well-drained soil and water sparingly if at all in summer - if summer irrigated, the soil must drain well. It is hardy to about 25 F and was unharmed in our garden during the January 2007 freeze, with 3 nights down to 25F. A great plant for areas that are unirrigated. Tolerating light shade as an understory tall groundcover plant under live oaks or even clipped formally as a small boxwood replacement. The red fruit are quite attractive. This plant came from the western Mediterranean region from the Balearic Islands in the west to southern coast of Spain, France, Italy and on Sardinia, where it typically grows on rocky, usually calcareous slopes. The genus was at once in its own family, the Cneoraceae, which were considered a relict shrub family that evolved under tropical conditions during the Cenozoic era but it is not placed in the citrus familiy, the Rutaceae. The name for the genus comes from a Greek name for a plant that resembles an olive and the specific epithet is a combination of the Latin words 'tri' meaning 3 and 'coccum' (from the Greek 'kokkos' meaning "grain" or "seed" in reference to the 3 seeded fruit. This plant was introduced into the US by Dr. Franceschi at his Santa Barbara Nursery in 1910 and has long been cultivated in the area. The original seed for our first crops we grew in 1998 were collected from an old established planting in Orpet Park on the Santa Barbara Riviera.  The information on this page is based on our library and online research as well as observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in the nursery garden and in other gardens that we have visited. We have also incorporated comments received from others and always appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have some additional information, in particular if this information is contrary to what we have written or includes additional cultural tips that would aid others in growing Cneorum tricoccon.