San Marcos GrowersSan Marcos Growers
New User?
Wholesale Login
Enter Password
Home Products Purchase Gardens About Us Resources Contact Us
 Web Site Search
Plant Database
Search by Plant Name
  General Plant Info
Search for any word
  Advanced Search >>
Search by size, origins,
color, cultural needs, etc.
Site Map
Retail Locator
Plant Listings

PLANT TYPE
PLANT GEOGRAPHY
PLANT INDEX
ALL PLANT LIST
PLANT IMAGE INDEX
PLANT INTROS
SPECIALTY CROPS
NEW  2017 PLANTS
PRIME LIST>
  for JUNE


 Weather Station

 
Products > Erythrina falcata
 
Erythrina falcata - Evergreen Coral Tree

This listing for information only - We no longer grow this plant  

 
Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Tree
Family: Fabaceae = Pea Family
Origin: Brazil (South America)
Evergreen: Yes
Flower Color: Red
Bloomtime: Spring
Height: 25-40 feet
Width: 20-40 feet
Exposure: Full Sun
Summer Dry: Yes
Irrigation (H2O Info): Low Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 20-25 F
May be Poisonous  (More Info): Yes
Erythrina falcata (Evergreen Coral Tree) - This is a mostly evergreen tree that grows erect to 30-50 feet tall and broadens with age to be equal or even slightly wider with rounded leaflets 5 inches long by 2 1/2 inches wide. Sometimes as early as late winter and continuing into summer, appear the 1 1/2 inch long deep orange-red flowers scattered along 6 to 12 inch long spikes on lateral buds from the previous summer's growth that are near the branch tips. The flowers have a broad banner that is folded over to hide the other petal parts and is sickle-shaped in profile. We consider this tree to be mostly evergreen, though infrequently it can be seen bare when in flower and often there will be leafless sections that allow the flowers to be better seen. It prefers full sun and deep watering and is hardy to 20 degrees F - our specimen tree on the property was undamaged in the short low temperatures in 1990. This tree comes from sub-Andean Peru and Bolivia to nearly 6,000 feet in elevation and also down into the lowlands of central and southern Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina. It is the largest of the coral trees grown in California and has been in cultivation in coastal California since the 1930s. In Peter Riedel's (1873-1954) unbound work Plants for Extra-Tropical Regions: A catalog of the plants that are, have been, or might be grown where the orange and the avocado thrive, including brief mention of others every plantsman should know Riedel lists the introduction by the Bureau of Plant Industry, a division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture with the number BPI 104114-1934, indicating it was first introduced in 1934, with a note that there was a specimen planted in Hillside Park (now Orpet Park) "circa 1930". This species in not found in this park today but many fine specimens can be found in the Santa Barbara area. We have a very large specimen tree of this species in front of our nursery along Hollister Ave that was planted in 1984 and there are beautiful specimens in Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden in downtown Santa Barbara as well as several large trees on the UCSB campus. The name Erythrina is from the Greek word 'erythros' (ερυθρσς) meaning "red". The specific epithet is the Latin word for a sickled-shaped sword. We have offered this plant on and off since first listing it in our 1982 catalog, mostly because this species is too large for many landscapes but also because it has been more difficult to vegetatively propagate than other Coral Trees, and seed grown plants do not bloom for many years. More recently we have had more success rooting cuttings of this magnificent species and are able to offer cutting grown plants in limited quantities.  This description is based on research and observations of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in our nursery garden and in other gardens that we visit. We also incorporate comments received and appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have any additional information about this plant, particularly if they disagree with what we have written or if they have additional cultural tips that would aid others in growing Erythrina falcata.
 
  [MORE INFO]