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Products > Tipuana tipu
 
Tipuana tipu - Tipu Tree
   

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Habit and Cultural Information
Category: Tree
Family: Fabaceae = Pea Family
Origin: Bolivia (South America)
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloomtime: Summer
Synonyms: [Machaerium tipu]
Height: 20-30 feet
Width: 20-30 feet
Exposure: Full Sun
Irrigation (H2O Info): Medium Water Needs
Winter Hardiness: 25-30 F
Tipuana tipu (Tipu Tree) - A moderately fast growing semi-deciduous tree with a flat crown that grows slightly wider than the tree grows high, which is typically 30 to 40 feet but large older specimens have been noted in California that are 50 to 70 feet tall and 100 feet wide, looking a bit like the large Monkey Pod trees (Samanea saman) one might see in Hawaii or Florida. The opposite 10 inch long compound pinnate leaves are divided into many rounded leaflets, which are only briefly deciduous in late winter into early spring. The golden yellow flowers are abundant in late spring to early summer and will carpet the ground beneath the tree when they drop. The fruit that follows is an interesting single seeded winged samara that looks like the unrelated fruit of a maple tree. Plant in full sun and give occasional deep watering fairly drought tolerant once established and over watering produces weaker wood. Hardy to around 22 degrees F. Give this big attractive tree ample room because it will get big in a relatively short time and prune early to give good structure. This tree comes from Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina and it has been planted extensively in Southern Europe, Algeria and Southern California where it has been praised for its beauty and the rapid-growth that provides quick shade but its large size, relatively weak wood and invasive roots that can lift paving, limits its use as a street tree or in gardens too small to accommodate it. A recent insect pest found on this tree in Southern California, called the Tipu Psyllid (Platycorypha nigrivirga), has also caused problems with leaf curling, premature leaf drop and honeydew and black sooty mold on leaves and stems and drops on objects below. The name for this monotypic genus (having only one species) and species name both come from a South American name for the tree. Other common names include Rosewood, Yellow Jacaranda and Pride of Bolivia .  This description is based on our research and the observations we have made of this plant as it grows in containers at our nursery, in our own garden and in other gardens. We also appreciate receiving feedback of any kind from those who have additional information about this plant, particularly if they disagree with what we have written or if they have additional cultural tips that would aid others in growing Tipuana tipu.
 
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